The department of laboratories within the hospital or health centers is one of the most important departments that provide service to other departments around the clock and periodically, and is closely associated with it in the performance of its tasks. For the laboratories department to perform its functions and tasks effectively and correctly, it must be equipped with the most recent equipment and technological means in order to ensure an effective and early diagnosis of the patient’s condition, and provide the appropriate health service as quickly as possible.
In the laboratories department, all types of investigations are performed to help in the diagnosis and to accurately identify the patient’s condition. These include: blood, urine, stool, fluids, hormones and many other investigations.
Here is a list of the most important analyzes carried out inside the medical laboratory of hospitals and health centers:
Blood investigations: This type includes several tests including complete blood analysis (CBC), biochemical analysis (determining the ratio of potassium, calcium, sodium, urea, glucose, chloride, bicarbonate and magnesium), platelet and hemoglobin analysis and other other analyzes.
Urine analysis: Urine is one of the most important fluids that excreted from the body. Urine analysis may be performed as a routine medical evaluation and may be requested by the specialist, in cases of abdominal or waist pain.
Urine analysis helps in the diagnosis of infections that affect the digestive system and the intestine, also, it helps in diagnosing cancerous tumors that may affect the digestive system, diagnosing the presence of parasites, and in the diagnosis of abnormal absorption of food and carbohydrates. Urine analysis also helps in identifying problems in urinary tract, such as, infection and kidney stones. It also helps in diagnosis of pregnancy.
Stool analysis: Stool analysis is one of the most important investigations carried out in laboratories, as it helps in the diagnosis of infections that affect the digestive system and the intestine, diagnosing cancerous tumors that may affect the digestive system, diagnosing the presence of parasites, and also helps in the diagnosis of absorption of food and carbohydrates.
Hormonal analysis: These analyzes are done for men and women according to the hormones in their bodies. The various hormones in the body are examined and evaluated, as hormones affect the health and balance of the human body as well. These include the measurement of levels of FSH, LH, testosterone, progesterone and other hormones.
Fluid analysis: In this type of analysis, the specialized staff inside the laboratory performs bacteriological examinations of different fluids inside the body. These tests are carried out to confirm poisoned cases, diagnose malignant tumors, and diagnose genetics, epidemics and other diseases.