Cocaine addiction treatment in Turkey
Cocaine addiction: Cocaine is extracted from the coca plant, and it is one of the most common and widespread drugs in the world, as it is found in two main forms, namely ..
Cocaine powder: It turns white, and is taken either by smell or by injection after being dissolved in a little water.
Rock cocaine: also known as crack, where cocaine powder is treated with ammonia to harden it and make it more concentrated, and it is used through smoking.
Cocaine primarily targets the central nervous system, as its use prevents the body from absorbing the hormone dopamine (also known as the happiness hormone, and it gives a sense of euphoria and activity), which leads to an increase in its levels in the body. After a short time, the body begins to acclimatize to these high levels, and the addict is unable to continue his life without obtaining cocaine to keep his body in that state of euphoria and activity.
What are the health damage caused by cocaine use?
Cocaine abuse causes the following health problems:
Loss of appetite for food, which leads to a significant decrease in body weight in a short time.
Frequent nausea and vomiting.
Rhinitis and damage to the mucous membranes lining the nose.
stomach pain .
Successive bouts of anxiety and depression, followed by a sense of euphoria and pleasure … and so on.
Tendency to revolt and nervousness.
Insomnia and sleep disturbances.
Also, and on a related context, cocaine addiction causes long-term complications and serious health problems that may pose an imminent threat to life, perhaps the most important of which are the following ..
Strokes and heart attacks.
Chronic respiratory diseases, in addition to respiratory failure.
Auditory and visual hallucinations.
Chronic mental illness such as schizophrenia or paranoia.
Loss of sense of smell.
Cocaine use through injection may cause serious diseases that may be transmitted through the blood through the use of contaminated syringes, such as AIDS and viral hepatitis (C).
Having impotence or erectile dysfunction problems.
Failure of vital body organs such as the heart, kidneys and liver.
Heart disease and high blood pressure.
Damage to blood vessels.
As for the delay in taking a cocaine dose, the addict usually suffers from some withdrawal symptoms, which include ..
Revolution and Rampage.
Feeling of severe muscle pain sweeping the entire body.
Inability to concentrate .
Feeling very tired and weak.
Sleep disorders .
It is noted that when a person who is addicted to cocaine experiences withdrawal symptoms, he quickly initiates an overdose, which may pose a threat to his life, as excessive doses of cocaine cause the following symptoms and health problems ..
Impaired consciousness and perception, in addition to hallucinations and auditory and visual hallucinations.
Accelerated heart rate.
Chest pain and inability to breathe properly.
Have a fever.
Stability disorder psychological and emotional.
Nausea and vomiting.
How is cocaine addiction treated?
Cocaine addiction treatment should preferably be under professional medical supervision, as it is done as follows:
The evaluation stage: where the patient is subjected to a series of medical examinations and diagnostic tests aimed at identifying the patient’s health status, which helps to develop the best treatment plan commensurate with his condition.
Detoxification phase and dealing with withdrawal symptoms:
where cocaine abuse is stopped, which leads to the emergence of withdrawal symptoms, then it is dealt with using a drug strategy specially prepared for this purpose, which aims to get rid of the effects of cocaine in the body without going through any health suffering, Whether on the physical or psychological level.
The behavioral psychotherapy stage: This stage aims to probe the patient’s psychological depths to find out the motives that led to his addiction and treatment. Also, during this stage, the patient is psychologically prepared and guided to follow a healthy lifestyle and to engage in a supportive social environment.
Follow-up stage: This stage aims to ensure that the patient’s life proceeds in a good manner after he has fully recovered from the addiction, and to ensure that no relapse will cause him to fall back into the clutches of addiction.
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