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Istanbul City

Medical tourism in Turkey

About Istanbul

The city of Istanbul has historically been known by many names from Byzantium, Constantinople, Astana and Istanbul. The largest city in the Turkish Republic and ranks fifth in the world with a population of more than 13 million. Although not the capital, it is the cultural, economic and financial center, and since 1985 it has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Istanbul is a beautiful and ancient city: from the western side of its Bosphorus Strait, with its natural harbor, Haliç or Altın Boynuz, Europe and East Asia or Anatolia begin, and it is the only city in the world to span two continents. Many empires and peoples ruled Istanbul and its ancient history is rich, ancient and rich. It was the capital of the Roman Empire then Byzantine and then Latin and then Ottoman, but it was never fraught with some kind of sanctity with a prominent religious status. It gained religious importance for Christians after the Byzantine Empire embraced this religion and then became the capital of the Islamic Caliphate until 1924.

After the establishment of the Turkish Republic and the transfer of the capital to Ankara, the status of Istanbul was slightly weakened, but it changed in the 1940s. The city underwent radical changes in the creation of squares, roads and roads, such as Taksim Square. From foreign communities to labor districts.

Istanbul has a generally mild climate, although it is located between areas of the surrounding climate and the Mediterranean. The summers are hot and humid and their winters are cold and wet and often snow falls. Istanbul’s mornings are foggy almost every year, continuing until noon.

Istanbul is divided into 39 provinces, 27 of which are the actual city, known as the “Greater Istanbul”. It consists of three main areas: the historic old Istanbul peninsula; the historic provinces of Beyoglu and Bashiktach; the regions of Ascodar and Chalcedon “He said. Since Istanbul has historically been a fusion of cultures and ethnicities, one finds mosques, churches, temples, palaces, castles and historic towers, all of which are attractions for tourists and symbols of the central city.

Istanbul Ataturk International Airport, one of the largest airports in the region, is located on the European side of the city, next to Sabiha Gokgen International Airport, on the Asian side. Maritime navigation is also important in Istanbul, where passengers are the basis of daily commute between the two parts of the city via Istanbul Sea Bus Company. There is the European road E80, also known as the “European highway” (Avrupa Otoyolu) linking Turkey to Europe. The Istanbul road network is well developed, organized and continuously expanding. At the railway level, Istanbul is internationally known for its “East East Railway”, which begins and ends in Paris and is mentioned in the work of Agatha Christie and Graham Greene. Electric locomotives, suspended railways and underground trains are also popular.

From the Greek era, we find the “Virgo”. The Roman architecture is the Cemberlitaş sütunu. The Byzantine style includes the church of Ayia Irene, the great palace of Constantinople, the city style Palazzo del Comune, the Ottoman style The fortress of Anadol Siege, the castle of Rumeli Siege and the Mosque of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari.

Top landmarks in Istanbul

– Hagia Sophia: Founded as the Cathedral of the Orthodox Patriarchate and after the Islamic conquest turned into a mosque, then became a museum. The site is one of the most important sites of Istanbul and Turkey, which is a world-class architectural masterpiece and one of the most famous tourist places in the world.

– Sultan Ahmed Mosque: built by Sultan “Ahmad I” between 1609 and 1616, also known as the Blue Mosque, because of the blue tiles that decorate inside. It was the tomb of the founder Sultan until 1976.

In the temple of Karnak, south of the seventh edifice, the pharaoh was raised by the pharaoh Thathmus III and then moved to Alexandria and remained until 390 when Emperor Theodosius I ordered the transfer to Constantinople.

– The new mosque: also known as the mosque “Yani” or the mosque “mother of the Sultan”, located at the Strait of the Golden Horn. It is one of the most famous landmarks of Istanbul.

– Palace of the High Gate: The seat of the main sultans during 400 years, until 1856. After the conquest of Constantinople, Mohammed al-Fateh began building it. Today, he attracts large numbers of tourists. It is said to include the mantle of the Prophet Muhammad and his sword.

– Bosphorus bridge: also called the first Bosphorus Bridge, one of the two bridges linking Europe with Asia. It is 1,510 meters long and has been ranked fourth among the world’s longest standing bridges.

The Palace of the Sultans: also known as the palace Dolma delight, and the seat of the sultans from 1856 to 1922, and the cost of building five million Ottoman pounds Magidip, or about 35 tons of gold.

– Yildiz Palace: built in 1880, and was the seat of Sultan Abdul Hamid II and his entourage. Is a complex of small houses and multiple houses was the Ottoman sultans resort to it to get away from the problems of governance and concerns and to rest from the troubles of work from time to time.

Istanbul is also a vast cultural center, a boon to the shoppers, seekers of recreation, nightlife and restaurants.

Top landmarks

The Hagia Sophia Hagia Sophia is probably Istanbul’s most important tourist and historical landmark at all. Perhaps the greatest influence of Byzantium exists in our world today. One of the most prominent examples of Byzantine architecture and Ottoman decoration is an amazing story that brings together different civilizations and peoples. Taksim Square is a dynamic and lively area of ​​Istanbul. Alongside it are many vital facilities and attractions such as the rich Independence Street and the green lung of the city in Ghazi Park. On this field, Istanbul’s most important facilities are daily shopping streets, restaurants, cafes, public and private cultural halls and halls. Topkapi The Palace of the High Gate or Topkapi was an administrative center of the Ottoman Empire, and today it is an ancient museum that contains everything related to the Ottoman culture in a wonderful display and in many rooms. Perhaps the most important of these rooms are those containing the sacred secretaries, including the sword of the Prophet and the Swords of the Caliphs. Do not miss the visit of Topkapi and devote her to a few hours will remain entrenched in your mind a long time. Tourism in Istanbul and Turkey is not made without this visit. Galata Bridge Galata Bridge is a bridge that runs over the Golden Horn and connects the old city with the Baiyolo area. We recommend you walk on the Galata Bridge in the sunset hours where the scenery is spectacular. Below the bridge you will find plenty of restaurants and cafés offering food, drinks and shisha. I also see many fishermen laying their hooks on the bridge.

Bosphorus Strait
The Bosphorus is the Strait and the Continent, dividing Istanbul into two halves: European and Asian, and the Black Sea connecting the Marmara Sea. Do not leave Istanbul without a tour of the Bosphorus, where the boat trip starts from the port of Amignon or Port Oortquay. You feel during the tour that you are in a beautiful dream, everything around you in the Bosphorus is amazing and special.

Golden Horn

A natural six-kilometer-long natural bay separates old Istanbul from Istanbul and modern European Istanbul.

Is one of the most important squares in Istanbul, located in the Sultanahmet district. It was built in the third century where it was a center of sport, culture, and a field for horse racing. Some of the remains of the Byzantine period are found in the place, such as the columns and fountains.

Gulhan Park
Historic urban park located in the Eminono area near Topkapi Palace. In the past it belonged to the Topkapi Palace and today it is a public park open to all. The garden has long, large trees and many cafés. Overlooking the charming sights of the Bosphorus.
Popular Shopping Places:

Market covered

It is the largest covered market in Europe; it contains more than 4,000 stores. Located in the old town of Sultanahmet. One of Istanbul’s best known is the bazaar, an integral part of Turkish and Oriental heritage and culture. You can not visit Istanbul without a dealer swap, but remember that the Turkish seller is very skilled at selling and marketing. You have to negotiate the price wisely and without exaggeration to get the most beautiful shopping experience in such a wonderful historical market.

Egyptian Market
The Egyptian market, or its second name, Al-Bharat Market, is a market specialized in spices and oriental sweets, one of the oldest markets in Istanbul and the second largest shopping mall covered after the covered market. The smell of spices and oriental forms of sweets is more than exquisite, many kinds and popular prices. The market is closed daily at 7pm.

Mahmoud Pasha Market
A market for women’s clothing in general, some men and children. Very good market especially for long clothes and good prices.

The most famous springs and hot baths in Turkey

Turkey offers its visitors an ideal bilateral treatment combining self-indulgence
And treatment of the body in ways and methods are rare, it is beautiful to be in one of the areas where the hospital is mixed with body diseases and recreation.

1) Bursa

Bursa, the capital of the Ottoman Empire, was built off the historical Alawldag mountain,
Where the springs and springs of the “natural” Chiquergie were hot
Ottomans to build a huge complex of baths covered with large domes
On the grounds of the site which includes a number of Roman and Byzantine baths.

Fountains and bathrooms of Chokergi

Located in the center of Bursa,
The water network of these springs relates to the hotels of the region,
Guests can make use of the bathtubs in the hotel rooms.
In addition to the possibility of using the basins within the hotels.

* Benefits of the properties of the springs of Chokirgy

The submersibles are useful in the treatment of rheumatic frequencies and muscle pain
Chronic inflammation, painful spasticity and obstruction of the arteries,
Drinking water is beneficial in the treatment of the liver and bile ducts
And diabetes (light)
And non-gout
And treatment of fat accumulated in obese and flaccid objects.

Primaries and baths

Is located south of the area “It Gul” of the state of Bursa on the outskirts of Mount Uludag,
The center is 27 km away from the center of He Gul.

* Properties of hot baths in the center of Olayat

Initial baths and springs contain sulfuric water
The compound of bicarbonate and calcium,
The Gozoyyo spring contains sulfur, hydrogen ions and iron.

* The benefit of the properties of springs springs

These springs treat diseases such as the abundance of urine
And obesity by drinking water, and it is a drug analgesic.


Fountains and bathrooms Hammamotlu tourist center

It is located in the state of Bursa, north of Armotelo
Beside Armotlu Municipal Plaza,
It is 2 km from Armotelo’s center.

Water temperature degree and pH value
75 ° C 6.2 – 6.5

* Hot bath properties at Armotelo center

Sulfuric, bicarbonate, acidic, calcium, sodium salts and carbon dioxide.

* The benefit of the characteristics of the springs of Armotello

Hot water in the Armutlu springs affects all rheumatic diseases
And activate blood circulation and heart,
As well as its significant impact on the treatment of gynecological diseases
Nerve and muscle fatigue, neurological diseases and poor eating.

2) Yalova.
Hot spring baths are located in Yalova, in the region of Tremal, which is 12 km from the center of the state,
There are a number of famous historical baths in this area
As the “Sultan”
And “mother’s bath”
And the “Courchonlo bath”
And “village bathroom”.

The historic Courchunlu Bath includes an outdoor pool
As well as indoor basins and saunas.

* Properties of hot baths in the center of Yalova:
It is lukewarm, low-tension mineral water containing sulfuric water
And a number of other compounds such as sodium and calcium salts.

* Benefits of the properties of the springs of the center of Yalova:
These springs treat gastrointestinal diseases,
Chronic ulcers and duodenal diseases,
Diseases of the descending colon,
And spastic paralysis,
Intestinal secretions,
Intestinal parasites,
Diseases of hemorrhoids and fistula,
Cases of rheumatism,
And cases of rheumatism and soft tissue.

3) Denizli
Pamukkale Spa & Wellness Center.
The historical city of Herapolis was built on the site of Pamukkale
Rich in its mineral waters from mountains through waterways
Showing the harmony and harmony of nature
To form magnificent circular water bodies of white algebraic rocks
Which is decorated with a layer of soft stones that dazzles its striking appearance.

The city of Canos, the most important city in the ancient kingdom of Leikia,
Her people bathe in the mud that is abundant in Lake Kwai Jazz,
The mineral is near the Pamukkale basins.

Pamukkale Baths are located north of Denizli
Close to the archaeological site of Herapolis,
It is 20 km from Denizli.

Water temperature: 33-5, 35 ° C,
Degree and value of ph 6,02-5,83.

* Hot bath properties in Pamukkale center:
These bathrooms feature mineral water, low tension,
It contains bicarbonate, sulfur, calcium and carbonate hydrates.

* The benefit of the properties of treatment in the springs of Pamukkale Center:
These diseases treat gastrointestinal diseases, malnutrition, indigestion, intestinal diseases, liver and bile duct disease, chronic infections, obesity, leukemia, diabetes, rheumatism, soft tissue, gout, circulatory diseases, heart, Cerebral, atherosclerosis, and pressure.

4) Kutahya

Harelik Spa (Jacque):
The Harlik Center is located on the Kutahya-Eski Road
Within the boundaries of Kutahya municipality, 27 km from the city center.

Water temperature: 2,25_43 ° C.

* Hot Tub Properties in Kutahya Center:
The water of Cadillar, Haslas, Harleck contains few low-tension minerals, as well as bicarbonate, sulfur, calcium and magnesium.

* Benefits of the properties of Harlik springs:
It treats diseases of rheumatism, liver disease, bile duct disease, metabolic diseases, detoxification of blood and arteries, and helps to effectively cure skin diseases.

5) Opium
The state of Opium is one of the most important and famous areas of Turkish baths and springs,
These baths are abundant in the town of ”
Their use has previously been limited to the local population
But because of its recreational and hospital facilities.

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