The meaning of anesthesia in the sense of language is the absence of feeling, that is, the lack of sense of organs.
Anesthesia does not make changes in life functions, but it leads to the disappearance of the senses and some reactions with the disappearance of consciousness.
Date of Anesthesia
Anesthesia, which has a very important place in medicine, has a past of 5,500 years. The data in our hands prove that anesthesia was used in the history of approximately 3500 BC.
However, the history of modern anesthesia begins in 1846 with Thomas Green Mortan, who explains the peculiarities of ether anesthesia.
This is followed by the use of other anesthetic agents, such as morphine. Thus, anesthesia develops rapidly.
The first person to use anesthesia in Turkey is Saadi Sun.
Types of Anesthesia
Three types of anesthesia are often applied.
General Anesthesia: The patient feels full drowsiness, loss of consciousness and relaxation of the muscles often through the anesthetic substances given through the airways or blood vessels.
2. Partial Anesthesia: Sub-anesthetic agents are injected into specific positions in the body with the help of the needle and special equipment to stop the nerve connection, thus temporarily stopping the pain. The patient’s awareness remains open in this application and does not lose the feeling except in the place where anesthesia is.
Unlike local anesthesia, wider positions are anesthetized in partial anesthesia. Eg spinal anesthesia, epidural anesthesia, regional anesthesia and the like.
And childbirth without pain The area of application of partial anesthesia is widespread.
When birth pains reach a difficult level, the appropriate anesthetic is injected through the needle in the back. Accurate catheters are inserted to send additional medication when necessary to prevent pain during delivery. Pain later appears in the form of stiffness and abdominal pressure. Thus the mother was born without feeling pain and exhaustion and witnessing the moments of birth.
3 – local anesthesia: It is through the sending of anesthetics to the areas that will be the only surgical operations. Local anesthesia can be applied via droplets, sprays and cream as well.
The anesthesia and rehabilitation unit at the Turkey Hospital offers its services with the advanced operation rooms equipped with advanced techniques for patient safety and safety during anesthesia and the technical tools conforming to the standards in our laboratory, where all operations can be performed.
All modern anesthesia methods are performed at the Turkish Hospital, including anesthesia, anesthesia, local anesthesia, and anesthesia across the screen.
Anesthetists play an important role in their pre-operative assessment, in determining the patient’s pre-operative medical treatment, and in anesthesia applications during the procedure and pain treatments.
Some patients may leave the hospital on the day the procedure is performed, but after an hour or two of the procedure in general anesthesia applications through drugs used in modern anesthesia.
All types of anesthesia can be performed at a Turkish hospital, such as spinal anesthesia and epidural anesthesia together, and local anesthesia methods such as anxyl and block anesthesia.
The procedure can be performed comfortably for the patient and pain can be controlled after the operation more effectively using appropriate local anesthesia, especially in lower abdominal surgery and lower extremity. The extensive and continuous epidural anesthesia recommended for elderly patients and patients with severe conditions is used if the use is appropriate for patients. The pain is to be removed after the procedure by the anesthesiologist during the operation. Effective pain management is performed after the operation through the ” Controlled by the patient “in an epidural or venous manner when necessary.
Patient processing for operations and post-operations
The patient who needs to be operated by an anesthesiologist should be seen and examined in all cases.
The anesthesiologist visits the patient prior to the operation to learn whether he or she has had an operation before, whether he has suffered from serious diseases such as jaundice and tuberculosis, whether he has a systemic disease, whether he is using drugs on a regular basis and listening to his past about diseases and health. briefly.
After obtaining this information, tests and tests such as blood counts, blood tests, liver enzymes, diabetes, urea, kidney tests, ECG and lung planning are performed. Doctors are consulted from other departments when necessary.
In the final stage, the method of anesthesia will be explained, the risk and the duration of the operation, and answer the patient’s questions in order to obtain information.
Patients are given a range of medications that make them feel comfortable and reduce fear called pre-medical drugs, especially patients who are afraid of anesthesia.
Convenient medicines are provided to children inside fruit juice so they do not worry.
Some postoperative problems, such as process pain, sore itching, nausea, headaches can be encountered as a result of anesthesia or as a result of the type of operation performed. However, these problems are removed through appropriate interventions.
Things to pay attention to before the process
Patients who will be anesthetized should provide these conditions:
To be hungry before the operation.
Blood thinners should not be used for 2 weeks before the procedure.
Smoking should be discontinued until the day of the operation, and smoking should be left for health.
You should inform your doctor about the medications used by the patient and the health problems you have had previously.